Early Welsh Industrial Housing

Abbreviations and Bibliographies ] [ Early Welsh Industrial Housing ] Evans Terrace in North Hill: High Density Victorian housing ] The Swansea Cottage Exhibition 1910 ] The First Welsh Garden City ] Greenhill ] Swansea's Garden Suburb ] Housing: Sources before 1800 ] Swansea's 'Homes for Heroes' ] Nineteenth Century Housing History in Wales ] Swansea's housing problem; A background ] Early Housing in Swansea 1902-1910 ] Henrietta Street in Swansea ] Early Landore in Swansea ] New Street in Swansea ] Housing History Basic Reading ] Recorder Street in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea: An early map of the area ] The Mount Pleasant Estate in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant: An 'urban village' in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A list of shops 1900 to 1960 ]

Blaenavon in the early 1930s, a classic industrial landscape developed in the 1830s and 1840s. We can see here the early type of housing development that is usually lost in a mass of later building. In Blaenavon, houses were built in isolated rows at various angles with no idea of planning or design. Such inexplicable alignments are typical of many urban areas. 

The houses are all badly built of the cheapest materials (a characteristic of the early iron industry). Upper New Rank was completed by 1825, and was a typical design with one large open sleeping room on the first floor, and a kitchen and back bedroom on the ground floor. Apart from economy of building materials, there was no real pressure on the builders to be economic with space, which explains the large garden areas allotted to each cottage. The iron workers would have grown vegetables and kept pigs. Large gardens are a useful indicator of early housing, built when space was not a priority issue. In denser urban areas the gardens were taken by later housing developments.


The View for Sunday 4 December 2000

If you want to navigate the site come to the Home Page  Swansea History Web 2000

Up ]

The History Web Bookshop    Search the Site  Contact us   The Swansea History Web CD ROM