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U 963

U 963 entered the Bristol Channel on her penultimate patrol.
U 963
Type VII C
Laid down 20 Apr 1942 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Commissioned 17 Feb 1943 Ltnt. Karl Boddenberg
Commanders 02.43 - 12.44
08.44
12.44 - 05.45
Oblt. Karl Boddenberg
Oblt. Werner Müller
Oblt. Rolf-Werner Wentz

Career

February 1943 - July 1943 5 U-Flottille (Kiel) training
August 1943 - October 1944 1 U-Flottille (Brest)
November 1944 - May 1945 11 U-Flottille (Bergen)

Patrol 1 17 August 1943. Left Kiel and arrived at Bergen on 20 August 1943.

Patrol 2 24 August 1943. Left Bergen and arrived at Trondheim on 26 August 1943.

Patrol 3 4 September 1943. Left for the North Atlantic. Making her way out through the Denmark Strait, U 963 suffered damage from pack-ice. She returned to Trondheim on 18 September 1943.

Patrol 4 5 October 1943. Left for the North Atlantic.  She reached Lorient on 3 December 1943.

Patrol 5 23 January 1944. Left Lorient and returned on 24 January 1944.

Patrol 6 26 January 1944. Left for Atlantic operations.  U 963 put in to Brest on 27 March 1944.

Patrol 7 6 June 1944. Left Brest, as part of Landwirt group. Outward-bound on the 7th, U 963 was attacked and damaged by a Liberator of 53 Squadron (Fl.Lt. J. west Carmichael) north west of Ushant. She returned to Brest on 8 June 1944.

Patrol 8 11 July 1944. Left Brest and returned on 13 July 1944.

Patrol 9 17 July 1944. Left Brest and returned on 19 July 1944.

Patrol 10 13 August 1944. Left Brest, in transit to La Pallice. U 963 lost one crewman in a crash-dive on the 2 1st. She put in to La Pallice later the same day on 21 August 1944.

Patrol 11 29 August 1944. Left La Pallice for British coastal waters. U 963 was one of three schnorkel boats which operated in the North Channel from mid-September. Whilst some ships were sunk there in the first weeks of September, the traffic became very much reduced. U 963 stayed in the area for only a few days and had no success. U 963 put in to Bergen on 7 October 1944.

Patrol 12 16 January 1945. Left Bergen for British coastal waters. In the first week of February U 963 was patrolling in the Irish Sea but she had no success. From the 10th repairs were carried out on her schnorkel. The boat returned to Trondheim on 6 March 1945.

Patrol 13 23 April 1945. Left for the Western Atlantic. U 963 was to carry out a mining operation off Portland, Maine. She was outward-bound when the U-boat war ended on May 4. The boat made her way back eastwards and on the 20th, in contravention of the surrender terms, she was beached by her crew and scuttled near Nazaré, west of Oporto, Portugal.