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IMPORTANT! Many of the links from this page will be password protected. You will need to subscribe get a user name and password. For a subscription of £9.99 you get:
  • 12 months access to the complete Swansea History Web which currently has approximately 900 pages, resources, and items of Swansea's local history.
  • Email link to the Editor.
  • A CD ROM copy of Swansea History Web sent by Royal Mail for your easy offline use.
  • Complimentary copy of Eye of the Eagle: The Luftwaffe Aerial Photographs of Swansea.

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This is a list of all the Swansea History pages; and here's some free samples from the subscription collection.

About Swansea History Web

Subscribers' Contact Page

Home Page

Scroll across to the right for the Billboard

Downloads:

1931 Plaza Opening Souvenir Brochure

Early Swansea Housing

Early Greenhill in Swansea

Housing History: shapes and forms 1

Housing History: shapes and forms 2

The Air Attack on Swansea: The Controller’s Statement to the County Borough Council

The 1939 Air Raid Pamphlet

Port Tennant in c.1900 (OS 1:2500)

1838 Tithe Schedule Apportionment (Version 1)

1838 Tithe Survey Map 2: Swansea Town

1838 Tithe Survey Map 1: Port Tennant

World War One local newspaper cartoons

Port Newsletter

Port Sheets 19 to 27

Port Sheets 1 to 11

Port Sheets 12 to 18

Eye of the Eagle 1

Guildhall opening 1934

Air Raids pamphlet 1938

 

The Bristol Channel ports at War.

 

Billboard

James: A wartime Refuge Room

All: New CDR's are being prepared. Sorry for delay.

Colin, I need your address again ;)

2A: Here's your Guildhall plan.

 

 

 

Topic List

1" to 1 Mile map of western Swansea, Abernethy, James, Acts of Parliament, Airport, Air war over South Wales, Air Raids Full Lists, Air Raids in 1940, Air Raids in 1941, American soldiers in Swansea, Anchor Court, BBC Kitchen Front script, Ben Evans, Board of Health Plan symbols, Bombing map of Swansea, Borough Police Force, Borough Fire Brigade,  Bacon's Street Map (northern part of Swansea), BlitzBrangwyn Panels, Bristol Channel U-boats, Bristol Channel Mine War, Brunel in Swansea, C & A Modes Swansea, Castle Street Bomb, Castle Square, Cavell, Edith, Census Basics, Charter of William de Newburgh, Chemical and gas warfare, Child LabourCholera, Cholera Chronology, Cholera in MerthyrCholera in Cardiff, Cholera consequences, City Status, Common Land in Gower, Copper Smoke Trials of 1832, Cornish Mount, Cottage Exhibition of 1910, Courtney Street, Curtiss, Danny, Cyfarthfa Ironworks, Docks Plan, Duke Hotel, Wind Street, Dylan Thomas Centre, Early attitudes to rubbish and sewage, Early housing, Early Quays and Docks,  East Dock, Early bridges, Early Electricity, Early Postcards, Early roads in South Wales, Early U boat operations, Fairwood Common, Ferryside, Food Adulteration in Victorian Swansea, Gabriel Powell, Glamorgan Portway, Gloucester Place, Great War Cartoons (ePamphlet), Great War Cartoons, Greenhill, Greenhill in the 1830s, Guildhall Opening, Hafod Mission, Harris, James, Hearth Tax Returns, The Hecla and yellow fever Helwick Lightship, Henrietta Street, Hill House in Swansea, Hospital Square Bomb 1943, Jackson's Bridge in Merthyr, Incinerator, Iron industry, Jeffreys, Molly (Dunvant), KG2, Kampfgruppe 100,  Keystages, Kings Dock opening 1909; Landore, Lang-Coath, Howell Lang (Town Clerk and ARP Controller),  Luftwaffe Air Operations, 1940, Luftwaffe Air operations 1941-43, Luftwaffe targets in Swansea, Manselton, Map of the Town Centre 1880s, Medieval Lanes in Wind Street, Mountain Dew, Terrace Road, Mount Pleasant in Swansea, Mount Pleasant HospitalMolly Jeffreys at the Ministry, Mr Padley of Swansea, New Street, No.10 Pub,Old Guildhall, Old Guildhall (Dylan Thomas Centre) 1847 plan , Operation Bolero, Pegler Street, Plaza opening in 1931, Port Tennant in 1827, Port Tennant in c.1900, Postcards, Powell, Gabriel, Prince of Wales Dock, Queen's Hotel Gloucester PlaceRationing in wartime, Reading about Swansea, Recorder Street, Roman finds in SwanseaRoyal Institution, Rubbish and Sewage,  Sandfields area of Swansea, Salubrious Passage,  Seyler, Clarence and Food Adulteration, Seyler and gas warfare,Sheet 37 1830 OS plan, Smuggling in Gower sketch map; Swansea ablaze in the Blitz, South Wales Ports at War, Spanker (Swansea Corporation horse), Stagecoaches between Cardiff and Swansea, Swansea Jack, Swansea in the Blitz, Swansea's Industries in 1908, Swansea's Catherine Zeta Jones, Swansea's Garden City, Swansea Museum, Swansea Slip, Swansea's sewerage problems, Swansea's Osprey, Sweyn the Viking, Swansea's waterworks and reservoirs, Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme, Thomas, Edward, The Last Sheaf 1928, The western area of Swansea in the 1830s, The Sandfields area of Swansea from the Swansea Tithe plan, Tithe Survey of SwanseaTrade Directories, Town Hill Enclosure Act of 1762, U28, U-boats, US Army Units, Union Workhouses, Victorian shopping in Mount Pleasant, Vivian, John Henry ,Yellow feverZeta, 1938 Air Raid Guide, 1850s water closet, 1880s water closet, 1908 Industry (plan), 1830 OS Plan of Swansea, 1920s pen picture of Swansea

 

Most popular pages (taken from 311, 262 page views) : Child labour in the nineteenth century, Home Page, Merthyr and the early iron industry, Cholera in Wales in the nineteenth century, Blitz and the air war 1940-41, Poor law and the poor in the nineteenth century, Zeta, the copper ore barque and Catherine's middle name, Swansea Jack
Main or introductory pages: Home Page, Subject Guide, Merthyr and the early iron industry, Poor Law, Resources, Blitz and the air war, Articles, Swansea Jack, Cardiff History Web, U boats in the Bristol Channel, History of the port of Swansea, Cholera, About us

Subject Guide (Scroll Down)

We are actively seeking feedback on the content of the pages listed below. If you are using it as a teacher or a student let us know how it goes. Contact us here.

 

1. Wales in industrial Britain c.1760-1914

2. Victorian Housing

3. Living conditions in industrial Wales

4. Local Industry and the world of work 

5. Changes in the Welsh landscape 

6. Poverty in Wales in the nineteenth century

7. A key Welsh entrepreneur

8. Wales, and Britain in the Medieval World, Frontiers, Charters and privileges 

9. Significant local buildings or structures

10. The Twentieth Century World

11. General Stuff

1.Wales in industrial Britain c.1760-1914

The Cholera epidemics of the nineteenth century and their impact on South Wales. 

A review of the causes and consequences of cholera with specific examples from Cardiff, Merthyr, and Swansea. With an exploration of housing, water, and public health issues from the local area.

 Or if you want to go straight to the bottom line look at the consequences of cholera

 

The early iron industry in Wales. A look at how iron is made, how the industry developed, and the effects on Welsh landscape and society.

 

Resources page  ] Child labour at a Swansea copperworks ] Children in the iron industry 1841 ] Children in the iron industry (2) 1841 ] Children in the coal mines ][ The early Welsh iron industry]

Swansea Borough Police Force 1835 to 1968.

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2. Victorian Housing 

A review of the evolution of housing in nineteenth century Wales with specific examples from Swansea. Including the evolution of terraced houses and the development of council housing after the First World War. 

Investigates housing shapes with examples of the different kinds of housing in South Wales and how to use maps in studying the local area.

Uses the particular example of the South Wales Cottage Exhibition of 1910 where model cottages for working people were erected on Mayhill in Swansea.

Abbreviations and Bibliographies ] Early Welsh Industrial Housing ] Evans Terrace in North Hill: High Density Victorian housing ] The Swansea Cottage Exhibition 1910 ] The First Welsh Garden City ] Greenhill ] Swansea's Garden Suburb ] Housing: Sources before 1800 ] Swansea's 'Homes for Heroes' ] Nineteenth Century Housing History in Wales ] Swansea's housing problem; A background ] Early Housing in Swansea 1902-1910 ] Henrietta Street in Swansea ] Early Landore in Swansea ] New Street in Swansea ] Housing History Basic Reading ] Recorder Street in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea: An early map of the area ] The Mount Pleasant Estate in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant: An 'urban village' in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A plan of the completed estate. ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A list of shops 1900 to 1960 ] [Manselton]
 

 

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3. Living conditions in industrial Wales

The Port of Swansea. The history and growth of the port with examples of important documents relating to the growth of the port. Highlights the roles of important individuals in creating the port, such as Gabriel Powell, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and Thomas Page. Provides background to the industrial revolution in the Swansea Valley

Home Page ] Reading about the Port of Swansea ] Swansea Harbour in 1771 ] Swansea's South Dock (c.1870s) ] Swansea's South Dock (c. 1880s) ] Swansea Docks in 1881 ] Brunel's report for Swansea Docks 1846 ] 2. Charter of William de Newburgh ] 6. A Royal Charter ] 9. Trade In The Early Port ] 10. A port Indenture of 1135 ] 11. Salt A vital commodity ] 12. Swansea's Layer Keeper ] 12a. Early Quays and Docks ] 14. The Uncrowned King Of Swansea ] 15. Swansea in the 1790s ] 16. After Gabriel ] 17. 1790s Swansea;The Time For Change ] 17a. Smuggling in Swansea and Gower ] [Smuggling in Gower sketch map] 18. The Harbour Act and the Mumbles Lighthouse ] 19. Port Tennant ] Port Tennant in 1827 ] 20. Port Development. A Chronology ] 21. The South Wales ports ] 21a. The port in the 1840s. ] 22. Joseph Rutter's pamphlet of 1843 ] 25. Thomas Page's report of 1846. ] 27. John Henry Vivian ] 29. The East Dock ] 30. The Prince of Wales opens the East Dock ] The Helwick Lightvessel ] James Harris, Swansea seascape painter ] Jack's World: Swansea North Dock in the 1880s ] Mr Padley of Swansea ] Plan of the Prince of Wales Dock ] Who put the 'Sweyn' in Swansea? ] Swansea's first tugs ] The Victorian port of Swansea ][The Chariot of Progress in 1909]

Bute West Dock - A chronology ] What was Cardiff's trade and industry like before the Bute Dock was built? ] Why was there a need for a new dock in Cardiff? ] What was transport like around Cardiff in the early 1800s? ] The Second Marquess of Bute ] What did the Bute dock do? ] Was there opposition to the Bute Dock scheme? ] What were the consequences of building the Bute Dock? ] What was trade and industry like after the dock was built? ] Bute Dock - Vocabulary and Definitions ]

Resources page  ] Child labour at a Swansea copperworks ] Children in the iron industry 1841 ] Children in the iron industry (2) 1841 ] Children in the coal mines ][ The early Welsh iron industry]

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4. Local Industry and the world of work 

Child labour in South Wales in the nineteenth century, with examples from the local copper, coal and iron industries.

 

5. Changes in the Welsh landscape 

The tithe commutation survey and a local Enclosure Act. Bathing in Swansea Bay. The development of roads across South Wales including the Turnpike Trusts.

Up ] The Glamorgan Portway ] The arrival of the stagecoach ] The development of the Turnpike Trust ]  

6. Poverty in Wales in the nineteenth century 

The Victorian Poor Law and workhouses. Looking at the Swansea workhouse.

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7. A key Welsh entrepreneur

John Henry Vivian and the Copper Industry.

 

8. Wales, and Britain in the Medieval World, Frontiers, Charters and privileges 

The Charter of William de Newburgh to the Burgesses of Swansea. The William de Braose Charter of 1305. The foundation of Swansea as a Viking settlement.

 

9. Significant local buildings or structures

Swansea Slip. Swansea Workhouse. Bute West Dock. Hirwaun Ironworks, Dowlais Ironworks (Merthyr), Plymouth Ironworks (Merthyr), Penydarren Ironworks (Merthyr),

Bute West Dock - A chronology ] What was Cardiff's trade and industry like before the Bute Dock was built? ] Why was there a need for a new dock in Cardiff? ] What was transport like around Cardiff in the early 1800s? ] The Second Marquess of Bute ] What did the Bute dock do? ] Was there opposition to the Bute Dock scheme? ] What were the consequences of building the Bute Dock? ] What was trade and industry like after the dock was built? ] Bute Dock - Vocabulary and Definitions ]

Up ] Early bathing in Swansea Bay ] The Slip emerges ] Swansea Slip : the place to be... ] Swansea Slip: The place to be (continued) ] Swansea Slip:decline and fall ] Swansea Slip: Cleaning up the act ] Swansea Bay : The cleanup starts here ] Building a bridge at Swansea Slip ] [ The Swansea Slip Bridge ] Bert and Dick at the Beach ] Early Swansea sewerage schemes ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme (Continued) ] A Map of Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's sewerage system under Mumbles Head ] The Mumbles Head sewer outfall ] Slip Statistics ]

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10. The Twentieth Century World

Swansea Newspaper Cartoons from the early 1900s

Dick and Bert. Swansea newspaper cartoons from the early 1900s ] [Competitions and Adverts] [ The Great War ] [The Great War (continued)][Swansea's Christmas Imp!] [ Swansea's Christmas Imp (continued) ] Chasing the Germans, Christmas 1914 ] The Imp goes up in the world ] The biggest Imp ] Exploding out of a box in 1913 ] Christmas 1914 ] The Imp at Sea ]

Wales at War

The South Wales ports at War. U-boats in the Bristol Channel. Food and Rationing in World War Two. Swansea Blitz in colour. The air war over Wales.

The Air War and bombing of Welsh cities

[Evidence: The Air Attack on Swansea:The Controller's Statement to the County Borough Council][Evidence: The 1939 Air Raid Pamphlet][The Luftwaffe 1kg incendiary bomb][The Castle Street Bomb, February 1941] [The Hospital Square Bomb, 1943] [Luftwaffe photo of Swansea, 1940][Gas and chemical warfare] [Preparing a Refuge Room][Bombing Accuracy in the 1940s (or why Swansea burned)] [Evidence: The 1938 Air Raid Guide] [ The Air War over South Wales ] Douhet, Trenchard and the 'Moral Effect' of bombing ] Dr Robert Knauss and German air war doctrine ] The Spanish Civil War and the Condor Legion ] The Blitz on Britain ] Luftwaffe Air Operations Over Swansea in 1940 ] [Prior Warning:Enigma, KGr100 and Swansea Blitz] Luftwaffe Operations over Swansea  1941 to 1943 ] Growing up during the Swansea Blitz. Peter Dover-Wade's wartime experience ] [Swansea's Blitz in colour] [ Swansea Blitz (Swansea ablaze) ] Swansea Blitz (Ben Evans Store) ] Swansea Blitz (Ben Evans smoulders) ] Swansea Blitz (Further damage) ] Swansea Blitz (General damage) ] Swansea Blitz (Temple Street) ] Bomb Type ] Eye of the Eagle. The Luftwaffe aerial photographs of Swansea ] Luftwaffe Targets in Swansea ]

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Molly at the Ministry

How a Welsh housewife helped to shape food and rationing policy at the Ministry of Food in 1942.

Molly at the Ministry of Food ] [ Molly in the press ] [ Shopping in London ] [ Taking tea at the Ministry ] [Molly's first 'Kitchen Front' Script]

Operation Bolero and US soldiers in South Wales

Pollution in Swansea Bay.

Swansea Jack.

The Swansea Cottage Exhibition of 1910

U-Boats in the Bristol Channel

The South Wales Ports at War 1939-41 ] The Welsh ports in the frontline of the War in 1941 ] Wartime problems at the Welsh ports 1940-41 ] A background to U-boat operations in the Bristol Channel ] The extension of U-boat operations 1939-40 ] The U-boats move to the Atlantic ] U-boats that entered the Bristol Channel ] The U-boat Inshore Campaign in the Bristol Channel 1944-45 ] Types of U-boat ] The mine war in the Bristol Channel 1939-41 ] Later developments in the mine war in the Bristol Channel ]

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11. General Stuff

[Home Page] [Dylan Thomas Trail] [ Teachers and Students guide ] [Recommended Reading] [Microhistories] [ Articles ] [Basics: The Census] [Basics: Hearth Tax Returns][ Operation Bolero ] [ Swansea's Blitz in colour ] [ Cholera - an introduction ] [ Cardiff History Web ] [ Early Iron Industry in Wales ] [ Early housing in Swansea ] [ Union Workhouses; an introduction ] [ Swansea Jack ] [Board of Health Plan symbols] [ Swansea's earliest local Acts of Parliament ] [Swansea Borough Police] [ Molly at the Kitchen Front ] [ Features ] [ Resources ] [ See you at the Slip ! ] [ Swansea's Christmas Imp! ] [ Swansea and the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 ] [Early electricity in Swansea] [ The History of Swansea Basic Reading ] [ The port of Swansea ] [ The U-boat Campaigns in the Bristol Channel 1939-45 ] [ Site Guide ] [ Contact us at Swansea History Web ] [ About Swansea History Web ]

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History of the Port of Swansea

A range of pages covering the establishment of the port in the 1100s, items about the port and its operation, and the growth of the victorian port in the nineteenth century.

Home Page ] Reading about the Port of Swansea ] Swansea Harbour in 1771 ] Swansea's South Dock (c.1870s) ] Swansea's South Dock (c. 1880s) ] Swansea Docks in 1881 ] Brunel's report for Swansea Docks 1846 ] 2. Charter of William de Newburgh ] 6. A Royal Charter ] 9. Trade In The Early Port ] 10. A port Indenture of 1135 ] 11. Salt A vital commodity ] 12. Swansea's Layer Keeper ] 12a. Early Quays and Docks ] 14. The Uncrowned King Of Swansea ] 15. Swansea in the 1790s ] 16. After Gabriel ] 17. 1790s Swansea;The Time For Change ] 17a. Smuggling in Swansea and Gower ] [Smuggling in Gower sketch map] 18. The Harbour Act and the Mumbles Lighthouse ] 19. Port Tennant ] Port Tennant in 1827 ] 20. Port Development. A Chronology ] 21. The South Wales ports ] 21a. The port in the 1840s. ] 22. Joseph Rutter's pamphlet of 1843 ] 25. Thomas Page's report of 1846. ] 27. John Henry Vivian ] 29. The East Dock ] 30. The Prince of Wales opens the East Dock ] The Helwick Lightvessel ] James Harris, Swansea seascape painter ] Jack's World: Swansea North Dock in the 1880s ] Mr Padley of Swansea ] Plan of the Prince of Wales Dock ] Who put the 'Sweyn' in Swansea? ] Swansea's first tugs ] The Victorian port of Swansea ][The Chariot of Progress in 1909]

The Nineteenth Century (1800 to 1900)

Cholera in Wales

The events and impacts of the cholera epidemics across South Wales in the 1830s and 1840s with specific reference to Swansea, Merthyr, and Cardiff.

[Cholera in South Wales ] What is Cholera? ] Why did Cholera spread across industrial South Wales? ] Cholera in South Wales - the events ] Evidence: A wc from the 1890s. ] Evidence: Providing a safe water supply for Swansea. ] Why Cholera spread in Wales - housing ] Why Cholera spread in Wales - attitudes to water supply ] Why Cholera spread in Wales - attitudes to rubbish and sewage ] Cholera in Wales - consequences ]

 

Housing in Swansea and South Wales

Swansea is probably one of the best places in Wales to study the history of housing.

Abbreviations and Bibliographies ] Early Welsh Industrial Housing ] Evans Terrace in North Hill: High Density Victorian housing ] The Swansea Cottage Exhibition 1910 ] The First Welsh Garden City ] Greenhill ] Swansea's Garden Suburb ] Housing: Sources before 1800 ] Swansea's 'Homes for Heroes' ] Nineteenth Century Housing History in Wales ] Swansea's housing problem; A background ] Early Housing in Swansea 1902-1910 ] Henrietta Street in Swansea ] Early Landore in Swansea ] New Street in Swansea ] Housing History Basic Reading ] Recorder Street in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea: An early map of the area ] The Mount Pleasant Estate in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant: An 'urban village' in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A plan of the completed estate. ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A list of shops 1900 to 1960 ] [Manselton]
 

 

The Poor Law

Dealing with the poor in Victorian Swansea.

Workhouse changes 1834 to 1914 ] The 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act Unions ] Workhouse conditions ] The end of workhouses ] Swansea Union Workhouse (later Mount Pleasant Hospital) ] Swansea Union Workhouse - A block plan from the 1880s ] Evidence: Signs of the workhouse ] Swansea Union Workhouse - A nurse's duties in 1904 (1) ] A Swansea Workhouse Christmas poem 1870 ] A Poor Law Timeline 1349 to 1948 ]

Swansea Slip

Swansea Slip was the most famous meeting point for generations of townspeople. Swansea's original holiday spot.

Up ] Early bathing in Swansea Bay ] The Slip emerges ] Swansea Slip : the place to be... ] Swansea Slip: The place to be (continued) ] Swansea Slip:decline and fall ] Swansea Slip: Cleaning up the act ] Swansea Bay : The cleanup starts here ] Building a bridge at Swansea Slip ] [ The Swansea Slip Bridge ] Bert and Dick at the Beach ] Early Swansea sewerage schemes ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme (Continued) ] A Map of Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's sewerage system under Mumbles Head ] The Mumbles Head sewer outfall ] Slip Statistics ]

Merthyr and the Iron Industry

The history of the early Welsh iron industry.

 

Cardiff and the Bute Dock

The Bute Dock transformed Cardiff and laid the foundation for the later success of the city.

Bute West Dock - A chronology ] What was Cardiff's trade and industry like before the Bute Dock was built? ] Why was there a need for a new dock in Cardiff? ] What was transport like around Cardiff in the early 1800s? ] The Second Marquess of Bute ] What did the Bute dock do? ] Was there opposition to the Bute Dock scheme? ] What were the consequences of building the Bute Dock? ] What was trade and industry like after the dock was built? ] Bute Dock - Vocabulary and Definitions ]

Glamorgan Roads

Up ] The Glamorgan Portway ] The arrival of the stagecoach ] The development of the Turnpike Trust ]

Child Labour

Resources page  ] Child labour at a Swansea copperworks ] Children in the iron industry 1841 ] Children in the iron industry (2) 1841 ] Children in the coal mines ][ The early Welsh iron industry]

The early Twentieth Century (1900 to 1939)

Housing in Swansea and South Wales

Abbreviations and Bibliographies ] Early Welsh Industrial Housing ] Evans Terrace in North Hill: High Density Victorian housing ] The Swansea Cottage Exhibition 1910 ] The First Welsh Garden City ] Greenhill ] Swansea's Garden Suburb ] Housing: Sources before 1800 ] Swansea's 'Homes for Heroes' ] Nineteenth Century Housing History in Wales ] Swansea's housing problem; A background ] Early Housing in Swansea 1902-1910 ] Henrietta Street in Swansea ] Early Landore in Swansea ] New Street in Swansea ] Housing History Basic Reading ] Recorder Street in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea: An early map of the area ] The Mount Pleasant Estate in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant: An 'urban village' in Swansea ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A plan of the completed estate. ] Mount Pleasant in Swansea : A list of shops 1900 to 1960 ] [Manselton]
 

 

Swansea Jack

Swansea memorials as a resource for history ] Swansea Jack (continued) ] A memorial for Swansea Jack ] [Jack's World]

Cartoons

In the early 1900s, Swansea newspapers were some of the best illustrated papers in the country largely through the work of two very talented cartoonists.

Dick and Bert. Swansea newspaper cartoons from the early 1900s ] [Competitions and Adverts] [ The Great War ] [The Great War (continued)][Swansea's Christmas Imp!] [ Swansea's Christmas Imp (continued) ] Chasing the Germans, Christmas 1914 ] The Imp goes up in the world ] The biggest Imp ] Exploding out of a box in 1913 ] Christmas 1914 ] The Imp at Sea ]

 

Swansea Slip

Up ] Early bathing in Swansea Bay ] The Slip emerges ] Swansea Slip : the place to be... ] Swansea Slip: The place to be (continued) ] Swansea Slip:decline and fall ] Swansea Slip: Cleaning up the act ] Swansea Bay : The cleanup starts here ] Building a bridge at Swansea Slip ] [ The Swansea Slip Bridge ] Bert and Dick at the Beach ] Early Swansea sewerage schemes ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme (Continued) ] A Map of Swansea's Main Drainage Scheme ] Swansea's sewerage system under Mumbles Head ] The Mumbles Head sewer outfall ] Slip Statistics ]

World War Two (1939-1945)

Blitz and the air war over South Wales

The attacks on the Welsh industrial towns with maps, photographs and explanations.

[Evidence: The Air Attack on Swansea:The Controller's Statement to the County Borough Council][Evidence: The 1939 Air Raid Pamphlet][The Luftwaffe 1kg incendiary bomb][The Castle Street Bomb, February 1941] [The Hospital Square Bomb, 1943] [Luftwaffe photo of Swansea, 1940][Gas and chemical warfare] [Preparing a Refuge Room][Bombing Accuracy in the 1940s (or why Swansea burned)] [Evidence: The 1938 Air Raid Guide] [ The Air War over South Wales ] Douhet, Trenchard and the 'Moral Effect' of bombing ] Dr Robert Knauss and German air war doctrine ] The Spanish Civil War and the Condor Legion ] The Blitz on Britain ] Luftwaffe Air Operations Over Swansea in 1940 ] [Prior Warning:Enigma, KGr100 and Swansea Blitz] Luftwaffe Operations over Swansea  1941 to 1943 ] Growing up during the Swansea Blitz. Peter Dover-Wade's wartime experience ] [Swansea's Blitz in colour] [ Swansea Blitz (Swansea ablaze) ] Swansea Blitz (Ben Evans Store) ] Swansea Blitz (Ben Evans smoulders) ] Swansea Blitz (Further damage) ] Swansea Blitz (General damage) ] Swansea Blitz (Temple Street) ] Bomb Type ] Eye of the Eagle. The Luftwaffe aerial photographs of Swansea ] Luftwaffe Targets in Swansea ]

U-boats in the Bristol Channel

The German U boat offensive in the Bristol Channel and Irish Sea.

The South Wales Ports at War 1939-41 ] The Welsh ports in the frontline of the War in 1941 ] Wartime problems at the Welsh ports 1940-41 ] A background to U-boat operations in the Bristol Channel ] The extension of U-boat operations 1939-40 ] The U-boats move to the Atlantic ] U-boats that entered the Bristol Channel ] The U-boat Inshore Campaign in the Bristol Channel 1944-45 ] Types of U-boat ] The mine war in the Bristol Channel 1939-41 ] Later developments in the mine war in the Bristol Channel ]

Up ] [ U 28 ] U 29 ] U 30 ] U 32 ] U 33 ] U 34 ] U 242 ] U 247 ] U 262 ] U 281 ] U 325 ] U 413 ] U 667 ] U 714 ] U 740 ] U 758 ] U 775 ] U 825 ] U 963 ] U 1019 ] U 1021 ] U 1023 ] U 1024 ] U 1051 ] U 1055 ] U 1058 ] U 1064 ] U 1169 ] U 1172 ] U 1195 ] U 1202 ] U 1276 ] U 1302 ]

Operation Bolero: GIs in Swansea 1943-44.

Up ] A plea for information... ] LSTs entering Swansea Docks ] Unloading P-47s, Kings Dock Swansea. ] Operating in the port of Swansea ] A GI remembers... ] Bringing supplies into Swansea ] US Army Units in and around Swansea ] A GI weds his Swansea girl 1944. ]

Molly at the Kitchen Front

The story of how a Dunvant housewife helped win the war.

Molly at the Ministry of Food ] [ Molly in the press ] [ Shopping in London ] [ Taking tea at the Ministry ] [Molly's first 'Kitchen Front' Script]

 

SHW Microhistory

    1. SHT 1858
    2. Blitz Bomb Damage
    3. The No.10 Lantern, Union Street
    4. The Washing Lake, Town Hill
    5. 1940s Pillbox, Swansea Beach
    6. The royal visit, 1941
    7. Swansea's Viking origins
    8. The Round School on Mayhill
    9. The Black Point Burrows
    10. Twin Town

Acts of Parliament

Swansea's local Acts of Parliament 1827 to 1847 ] Swansea's local Acts of Parliament 1850 to 1861 ] Swansea's later local Acts of Parliament ] Statutes explained ]

 

Resources

Stories, themes and ideas about the history of the town.

[Home Page] [Dylan Thomas Trail] [ Teachers and Students guide ] [Recommended Reading] [Microhistories] [ Articles ] [Basics: The Census] [Basics: Hearth Tax Returns][ Operation Bolero ] [ Swansea's Blitz in colour ] [ Cholera - an introduction ] [ Cardiff History Web ] [ Early Iron Industry in Wales ] [ Early housing in Swansea ] [ Union Workhouses; an introduction ] [ Swansea Jack ] [Board of Health Plan symbols] [ Swansea's earliest local Acts of Parliament ] [Swansea Borough Police] [ Molly at the Kitchen Front ] [ Features ] [ Resources ] [ See you at the Slip ! ] [ Swansea's Christmas Imp! ] [ Swansea and the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 ] [Early electricity in Swansea] [ The History of Swansea Basic Reading ] [ The port of Swansea ] [ The U-boat Campaigns in the Bristol Channel 1939-45 ] [ Site Guide ] [ Contact us at Swansea History Web ] [ About Swansea History Web ]

 

Basics and lecture support

Census

Commons/enclosure

Trade directories

Acts of Parliament

Copper smoke trials

Hearth Tax returns

Hedges and Landscape

Industry and Landscape

 

Example Microhistory

SHW Microhistory: 7. Swansea's Viking origins

Viking themes dominate some of the decoration of Swansea's Guildhall because it was felt important to emphasise Swansea's unique Viking connections at the time the Guildhall was built.

The name of Swansea has always generated considerable debate, and some very elaborate explanations about its origins.

The Viking name of Sweyne is clearly evident in the name. Some historians have been desperate to add an extra explanation for the '-sea' part of the name, usually revolving around some island or 'eye' that might have existed in the mouth of the River Tawe. Thus, Sweyne's Eye or Sweyne's Island is seen as an explanation for the early town where Viking settlers lived. Although this has been a very popular idea in the past, the evidence is not really there.

You have to ask yourself if you as a norse trader would set up camp on a rather dangerous sand spit in the middle of the river whis is prone to flooding and which also could be submerged by high tides, or would you rather opt for a river bank with a nice easily defended hill, next to a good anchorage and an easy ford across the river where people could easily meet you for a local market? As with many things the simplest explanation is most likely the answer.

Local people probably knew the mouth of the River Tawe as Sweyne's, which became easily changed to Sweynes's (and countless other pronounciations across a multilingual community speaking Latin, Old English, French, Norse, and Celtic languages). For those of you who are still sceptical there's a pub in town called 'Yates's', if you read this aloud you'll see how the process happens, and if you're still not convinced listen to how other people pronounce 'Yates's'.

The Sweyn of the story is most likely Sweyn Forkbeard who was briefly King of England 1013-14. At this time the scandinavians who populated parts of the western coast of Britain were more interested in trade than military conquest and it is likely that the trading post of 'Swenes's' would have been well known along the coast of what would eventually become the Bristol Channel.

In the nineteenth century, Swansea citizens were extremely proud of this Royal Viking foundation and valued it far higher than any Welsh connection (not that there was one really). When Swansea's Guildhall was built in the 1930s, considerable effort was made to reflect the phenomenal history of the ancient borough in the art and structure of the building. The photos here

Magnificent Viking warriors dominate a number of the doorways of Swansea's Guildhall.

show some of the impressive sculptures and fittings that reflected the Viking origins of the town. The dash to 'Welshness' of the new order means that Sweyn is being pushed into the past. It is a sad fact that the current rush to convert everything into the Welsh language and culture means that historical fact is far less important than political fiction. Swansea's identity as a uniquely special place on a European stage is becoming subsumed into a 'second city in Wales' label which is a crying shame, for Swenes's was one of the trading capitals of the west coast of Britain some time before most people had even heard of a place called Wales.

More SHW Microhistory

Maps

Some of these may have long download times.

Western Swansea in the 1830s

Port Tennant in 1827

Town centre in the 1880s

Sandfields in the 1830s

Swansea's industries in 1908

Blitz bombing accuracy

Board of Health symbols

   

Earlier than 1900